0x00 TL;DR

Usually, after the DHCP Options Set changes, it takes several hours for the EC2 instance inside the VPC to use the new DHCP Options Set.
This article describes how to make the configuration of the DHCP Options Set take effect immediately in the specified EC2 instance.
The overall idea is to restart the EC2 instance network and let the DHCP service reassign network information.

0x01 VPC change DHCP Options Set

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aws ec2 associate-dhcp-options --dhcp-options-id dopt-06d6a444d7a288888 --vpc-id vpc-0614eddfdb8988888

Note:After you associate a new set of DHCP options with a VPC, any existing instances and all new instances that you launch in the VPC use these options. You don’t need to restart or relaunch the instances. They automatically pick up the changes within a few hours, depending on how frequently the instance renews its DHCP lease. If you want, you can explicitly renew the lease using the operating system on the instance.

0x02 Set DHCP Options Set effect immediately in specified EC2 instance

  • Windows Server 2016 Renew DHCP Lease(ipconfig /renew):
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C:\Users\Administrator>ipconfig

Windows IP 配置


以太网适配器 以太网:

连接特定的 DNS 后缀 . . . . . . . : cn-north-1.compute.internal
本地链接 IPv6 地址. . . . . . . . : fe80::dd5d:2739:e78f:5566%14
IPv4 地址 . . . . . . . . . . . . : 10.0.0.39
子网掩码 . . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
默认网关. . . . . . . . . . . . . : 10.0.0.1

隧道适配器 isatap.cn-north-1.compute.internal:

媒体状态 . . . . . . . . . . . . : 媒体已断开连接
连接特定的 DNS 后缀 . . . . . . . :

隧道适配器 本地连接* 3:

连接特定的 DNS 后缀 . . . . . . . :
IPv6 地址 . . . . . . . . . . . . : 2001:0:348b:fb58:4f6:3e50:f5ff:ffd8
本地链接 IPv6 地址. . . . . . . . : fe80::4f6:3e50:f5ff:ffd8%12
默认网关. . . . . . . . . . . . . : ::

C:\Users\Administrator>ipconfig /renew

Windows IP 配置


以太网适配器 以太网:

连接特定的 DNS 后缀 . . . . . . . : corp.tonghua.com
本地链接 IPv6 地址. . . . . . . . : fe80::dd5d:2739:e78f:5566%14
IPv4 地址 . . . . . . . . . . . . : 10.0.0.39
子网掩码 . . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
默认网关. . . . . . . . . . . . . : 10.0.0.1

隧道适配器 本地连接* 3:

媒体状态 . . . . . . . . . . . . : 媒体已断开连接
连接特定的 DNS 后缀 . . . . . . . :

隧道适配器 isatap.corp.tonghua.com:

媒体状态 . . . . . . . . . . . . : 媒体已断开连接
连接特定的 DNS 后缀 . . . . . . . :

C:\Users\Administrator>
  • Amazon Linux 2 Renew DHCP Lease(sudo service network restart):
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[[email protected] ~]$ cat /var/lib/dhclient/dhclient--eth0.lease
lease {
interface "eth0";
fixed-address 10.0.0.64;
option subnet-mask 255.255.255.0;
option dhcp-lease-time 3600;
option routers 10.0.0.1;
option dhcp-message-type 5;
option dhcp-server-identifier 10.0.0.1;
option domain-name-servers 10.0.0.2;
option interface-mtu 9001;
option broadcast-address 10.0.0.255;
option host-name "ip-10-0-0-64";
option domain-name "cn-north-1.compute.internal";
renew 4 2019/05/23 13:35:11;
rebind 4 2019/05/23 14:02:11;
expire 4 2019/05/23 14:09:41;
}
lease {
interface "eth0";
fixed-address 10.0.0.64;
option subnet-mask 255.255.255.0;
option routers 10.0.0.1;
option dhcp-lease-time 3600;
option dhcp-message-type 5;
option domain-name-servers 10.0.0.2;
option dhcp-server-identifier 10.0.0.1;
option interface-mtu 9001;
option broadcast-address 10.0.0.255;
option host-name "ip-10-0-0-64";
option domain-name "cn-north-1.compute.internal";
renew 4 2019/05/23 13:36:56;
rebind 4 2019/05/23 14:02:23;
expire 4 2019/05/23 14:09:53;
}
lease {
interface "eth0";
fixed-address 10.0.0.64;
option subnet-mask 255.255.255.0;
option routers 10.0.0.1;
option dhcp-lease-time 3600;
option dhcp-message-type 5;
option domain-name-servers 10.0.0.2;
option dhcp-server-identifier 10.0.0.1;
option interface-mtu 9001;
option broadcast-address 10.0.0.255;
option host-name "ip-10-0-0-64";
option domain-name "cn-north-1.compute.internal";
renew 4 2019/05/23 14:00:23;
rebind 4 2019/05/23 14:29:26;
expire 4 2019/05/23 14:36:56;
}
lease {
interface "eth0";
fixed-address 10.0.0.64;
option subnet-mask 255.255.255.0;
option routers 10.0.0.1;
option dhcp-lease-time 3600;
option dhcp-message-type 5;
option domain-name-servers 10.0.0.2;
option dhcp-server-identifier 10.0.0.1;
option interface-mtu 9001;
option broadcast-address 10.0.0.255;
option host-name "ip-10-0-0-64";
option domain-name "cn-north-1.compute.internal";
renew 4 2019/05/23 14:29:09;
rebind 4 2019/05/23 14:52:53;
expire 4 2019/05/23 15:00:23;
}
lease {
interface "eth0";
fixed-address 10.0.0.64;
option subnet-mask 255.255.255.0;
option routers 10.0.0.1;
option dhcp-lease-time 3600;
option dhcp-message-type 5;
option domain-name-servers 10.0.0.2;
option dhcp-server-identifier 10.0.0.1;
option interface-mtu 9001;
option broadcast-address 10.0.0.255;
option host-name "ip-10-0-0-64";
option domain-name "cn-north-1.compute.internal";
renew 4 2019/05/23 14:56:39;
rebind 4 2019/05/23 15:21:39;
expire 4 2019/05/23 15:29:09;
}
[[email protected] ~]$ sudo service network restart
Restarting network (via systemctl): [ OK ]
[[email protected] ~]$ cat /var/lib/dhclient/dhclient--eth0.lease
lease {
interface "eth0";
fixed-address 10.0.0.64;
option subnet-mask 255.255.255.0;
option dhcp-lease-time 3600;
option routers 10.0.0.1;
option dhcp-message-type 5;
option dhcp-server-identifier 10.0.0.1;
option domain-name-servers 10.0.0.2;
option interface-mtu 9001;
option broadcast-address 10.0.0.255;
option host-name "ip-10-0-0-64";
option domain-name "cn-north-1.compute.internal";
renew 4 2019/05/23 14:56:39;
rebind 4 2019/05/23 15:21:39;
expire 4 2019/05/23 15:29:09;
}
lease {
interface "eth0";
fixed-address 10.0.0.64;
option subnet-mask 255.255.255.0;
option routers 10.0.0.1;
option dhcp-lease-time 3600;
option dhcp-message-type 5;
option domain-name-servers 10.0.1.101,10.0.3.86;
option dhcp-server-identifier 10.0.0.1;
option interface-mtu 9001;
option broadcast-address 10.0.0.255;
option host-name "ip-10-0-0-64";
option domain-name "corp.tonghua.com";
renew 4 2019/05/23 15:14:34;
rebind 4 2019/05/23 15:39:02;
expire 4 2019/05/23 15:46:32;
}
[[email protected] ~]$

0x03 Reference